BAWE WALI MATA (Goddess Mahakali )
Kali Mata Mandir is worked inside the premises of Bahu Fort, which ignores the powerful Tawi River. The encompassing timberland territory has been changed over into a wonderful park known as the “Bagh-e-Bahu”. Affected by the Mughal gardens, the recreation center gives a phenomenal perspective of Jammu city. A recently built aquarium is additionally an additional vacation destination. The stronghold was worked by Raja Bahulochan around 3000 years prior. The temple is devoted to goddess Maha Kali who is Jammu’s directing divinity.
The temple is thought to be second just to the Mata Vaishnodevi Temple. Various lovers make a straight shot to Jammu every year to absorb the profound quality of the area. Assembled utilizing white marble on a raised stage around 3.9 feet high, this temple has an icon of goddess Maha Kali in dark stone. This is a little temple from inside so just a couple of aficionados can enter at time. Creature penance was generally polished previously, however these days temple pujari play out a couple of ceremonies and sprinkles blessed water over a sheep or goat before setting it free as a typical interpretation of the penance. This custom is known as Shilly Charana. Fans offer a sweet pudding known as Kadah to the goddess after their desires have been satisfied by her.
An eighth century temple of the Goddess Mahakali prevalently known as Bawe wali Mata is limited to the Bahu Fort. The Bahu Fort is arranged on the left bank of the waterway Tawi only inverse to the old city of Jammu, situated on the right bank of the said stream. The Bahu Fort is considered as a standout amongst the most forceful and holy hallowed places of the Jammu city.
The Bahu Fort which was annihilated on numerous occasions, was in the end reproduced by Maharaja Gulab Singh in the mid nineteenth century after he had seen the Goddess Mahakali ( Bawe Wali mata ) in his fantasy training him to manufacture the temple instantly. Its redesign was then restarted amid the rule of Maharaja Ranbir Singh child of Maharaja Gulab Singh who administered the Jammu and Kashmir state between 1856 to 1885. Before developing of alternate structures in the invigorated zone, the Chieftains were resolved to build the temple of their Kuldevi (Jerath, 2006). Along these lines, on the upper strata of the Bahu Fort, we discover a temple to their Kuldevi, Bhawani.
In actuality, the icon or picture of the god was introduced long prior however the temple lodging the picture was developed a while later by Maharaja Gulab Singh, the main Dogra leader of entire of the Jammu and Kashmir State. Mahakali temple goes back to 3400 BC, and is one of the most Famous Temples in India together with Mahamaya Temple in Bahu Rakh.
The Mahakali temple has been based on a raised stage and houses a dark stone hued icon of the Goddess Mahakali. The temple is a little one, which can’t oblige more than twelve individuals at one time. The Dogra rulers and in addition Jammuites held it in high regard and now a days overwhelming surge of fans is seen here day by day. Amid Navratras, the general population need to sit tight for no less than 4 to 6 hours or much more to have darshans of the Goddess Mahakali.
In spite of the fact that desserts, pudding (Halwa or halva) puffed rice, botanical wreaths and money and so forth, are offered to the Goddess Mahakali, now no offerings of creature penance are made. The creature penance stopped when a holy person who used to intercede in an abutting temple of Narsimha, tossed the symbol of Mahakali or Kali in the waterway Tawi. It is trusted that from that point the Goddess Mahakali showed up in a fantasy to Maharaja Partap Singh (Son of Maharaja Ranbir Singh) and admonished him that desires of the holy person be promptly satisfied by ceasing creature penance. At the point when the Maharaja Partap Singh disallowed the creature give up absolutely, the holy person reinstalled the symbol of the Goddess Mahakali at the suitable spot. Presently, rather than giving up a goat to satisfy the Goddess, a goat is bought with a little sum and after the cleric has mumbled a few spells, the lovers sprinkle a modest bunch of water on it. At the point when the goat returns to its own side, the offering is accepted to be satisfied/as well as acknowledged by the Goddess Mahakali. As per Archeological Survey of India sources, the temple structure has a place with the eighth century AD and considerably sooner than eighth century AD.
A legend says that the temple of Bahu Fort was built by the King Bahu Lochan. As indicated by Suraj Saraf (2010), the past Dogra administering line of Jammu and Kashmir had a place with Suryavanshi family of Kashatriyas and was established by one Agnibaran (Descended from Kush, child of Lord Rama) who relocated from Ayodhya. He settled at Parolnowan vital town in Kathua locale in Jammu district. From his relatives began these vanquishing regions. Bahu Lochan who grabbed these the Bahu territory (clearly past name must be something else however later on named after him) started administering there.
A portion of the students of history opine that symbol of the Goddess Kali was conveyed to this spot by the lords of Suryavanshi (Kings of Solar Dynasty). It is further opined that Bahu Lochan and Jambu Lochan were two siblings. This is further said in by numerous tunes and Karaks sung by neighborhood individuals. As Raja Bahu Lochan had no issue, so after his end, the kingdom of Bahu went to Jambu Lochan his more youthful sibling. Around then there was an inconceivable thick timberland over the stream Tawi. One day, when Jambu Lochan was on chasing and poaching, he saw a lion and goat drinking water together from the same lake or spring. A thought of settling individuals there struck his brain subsequent to clearing the woodland and he settled a residential area named as Jambu which later on got to be Jammu. Correspondingly with section of time, the Bahu got to be Bawe. So the Goddess kali is otherwise called Bawe wali Mata. Since the temple is available inside the Bahu Fort in this way, it is called Bahu Garh Rani moreover.
Two major fairs or melas are held amid Navratras on Ashtami and Navami, which come amid October-November and March-April every year. Albeit now individuals come in vehicles, in antiquated times fans used to go ahead foot by intersection the waterway Tawi through pontoons or transitory scaffolds based on the stream particularly amid Navratras. Presently the explorers of Vaishno Devi, Sudh Maha Dev and Shiv Khori have likewise begun going to this sanctum and its ubiquity has spread far and wide. A Samadhi of Baba Amboo close Bahu fortress is additionally gone to by its enthusiasts, especially the Khajuria Brahmins. Other than the Bahu fortress, there is a celebrated Bagh-e-Bahu garden and a recently developed aquarium which adds to the magnificence of the Bahu stronghold Apart from Navratras and occasions a considerable lot of the travelers throng the temple on Tuesdays and Sundays.
An astounding element of Bawe Wali Mata Shrine is the nearness of monkeys in its premises. They subsist on desserts, grams and so on, offered to them by the lovers. The monkeys are exceptionally dynamic and frequently grab away the materials from the hands of the unwary.
Another significant point to say here is that numerous neighborhood young ladies visit the temple premises amid at a young hour in the morning and the pioneers revere them as kanjaks and pay them desserts, bangles, chunnies and cash and so forth. Various Langers are masterminded by lovers of the Goddess to serve parshad among the lovers. Jammuites have a staunch conviction that Bawe Wali Mata has constantly shielded Jammu city from Pakistan air assaults. They facilitate trust that each yearning is satisfied by going to Bahu fortification sanctum of Bawe Wali Mata.
It is point to specify that when Amir Timur assaulted Jammu amid fourteenth century AD, the Bahu post and the temple existed around then as has been said in his collection of memoirs, known as Malfuzat-I-Timuri .
Improvement of Lawn: A lovely garden is required to be produced where multi assortment blooms like marigold, chrysanthemum, roses, dahlias, gladioli and a few others can be developed. Some decorative trees like amaltas, neem, kachnar, shatoot, dhaman, bel and so forth, are required to be planted.
Working of stopping zone: As there is constant stream of movement so a major stopping zone requires to be developed. For this reason Government is expected to take some pressing activities.
Arrangement of Toilets: An extensive number of toilets both for women and gentlemen are required to be developed.
Ordinary at sunrise numerous nearby young ladies visit the temple. They are loved by the pioneers and fans as Kanjaks and offer them cash, bangles, desserts and bits of dress known as chunnis. The general population of Jammu have a staunch conviction that goddess Kali who dwells in this temple shields Jammu from Pakistani air assaults.
The temple premises are home to a major gathering of Rhesus monkeys, expected to be the biggest gathering in Jammu and Kashmir state. Cameras, shades, nourishment, caps ought to be avoided their sight as they are famous for grabbing ceaselessly such things from guests.
Devotees offer a sweet pudding known as Kadah to the goddess after their wishes have been fulfilled by her.
Everyday at dawn many local girls visit the Bawe wali mata temple. They are worshipped by the pilgrims and devotees as Kanjaks and offer them money, bangles, sweets and pieces of clothing known as chunnis. The people of Jammu have a staunch belief that goddess Kali who resides in this temple protects Jammu from Pakistani air attacks.
The temple premises are home to a big group of Rhesus monkeys, supposed to be the largest group in Jammu and Kashmir state. Cameras, sunglasses, food, hats should be kept away from their sight as they are notorious for snatching away such things from visitors.
How to Reach Bawe Wali Mata Temple Jammu ?
The closest airport to the temple is the Jammu airport which is around 13.5 km away from the temple. Almost all airlines operate regular flights to Jammu from major cities like Delhi, Srinagar, Chandigarh and Leh.
Jammu Tawi is the major railway station in Jammu and the closest one to the temple. There are regular train services from the major cities of India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Trivandrum. The temple is located at a distance of about 5.5 km from the railway station.
Jammu is well connected with an extensive bus and taxi network. Private tourist buses ply to and fro between Jammu and the major Indian cities like Delhi, Manali, Amritsar, Shimla and Ludhiana. Taxis can be hired from Jammu city to reach the temple which is around 5km away from the centre of Jammu city.