अमरनाथ गुफा – Amarnath Cave
History of Amarnath Cave
The Amaranth Cave was found by a Muslim shepherd of Batakot, Buta Malik, when he lost his run and found that it had strayed into the hallowed detect about 150 years back. There is a documentry confirmation of this revelation. Indeed, even today his family gets some a player in the donations offered by pioneers. Then again, to demonstrate that the blessed hole and the ice lingam were known not individuals since exceptionally old times and have been constantly and routinely gone by explorers from Kashmir as well as from various parts of India. While the soonest reference to Amarnath can be found in the Nilamata Purana (v.1324), a sixth century Sanskrit content which portrays the religious and social existence of early Kashmiris and gives Kashmir’s own creation myth, the journey to the sacred cavern has been depicted with full geological points of interest in the Bhringish Samhita and the Amarnatha Mahatmya, both old writings said to have been made much before.
अमरनाथ गुफा – Amarnath Cave
References to Amarnath, known have additionally been made in authentic annals like the Rajatarangini and its continuations and a few Western explorers’ records likewise leaving probably about the way that the heavenly give in has been known not for quite a long time. The first name of the tirtha, as given in the antiquated writings, is obviously Amareshwara, Amarnath being a name offered later to it.
Giving the legend of the Naga Sushruvas, who in his rage smoldered to fiery debris the kingdom of King Nara when he attempted to steal his little girl officially wedded to a Brahmin youth, and after the butchery took his residence the lake now known as Sheshnag (Kashmiri Sushramnag), Kalahana composes:
“The pool of stunning whiteness [resembling] an ocean of milk (Sheshnag), which he made [for himself as residence] on a distant mountain, is to the present day seen by the general population on the journey to Amareshwara.”(Rajatarangini, Book I v. 267.Translation: M. A. Stein).
This makes it clear that pioneers kept on going by the sacred Amarnath collapse the twelfth century, for Kalhana composed his annal in the years1148-49.
At somewhere else in the Rajatarangini (Book II v. 138), Kalhana says that King Samdhimat Aryaraja (34 BCE-17CE) used to spend “the most delightful Kashmir summer” in worshiping a linga framed of snow “in the locales over the woods”. This excessively shows up, making it impossible to be a reference to the ice linga at Amarnath. There is yet another reference to Amareshwara or Amarnath in the Rajatarangini (Book VII v.183). As indicated by Kalhana, Queen Suryamati, the spouse of King Ananta (1028-1063), “conceded under her significant other’s name agraharas at Amareshwara, and masterminded the sanctification of trishulas, banalingas and other [sacred emblems]”.
In his Chronicle of Kashmir, a continuation of Kalhana’s Rajatarangini, Jonaraja relates that that Sultan Zainu’l-abidin (1420-1470) visited the sacrosanct tirtha of Amarnath while developing a waterway on the left bank of the stream Lidder (vv.1232-1234) . The trench is currently known as Shah Kol.
In the Fourth Chronicle named Rajavalipataka, which was started by Prjayabhatta and finished by Shuka, there is an unmistakable and point by point reference to the journey to the hallowed site (v.841,vv. 847-849). As indicated by it, in an answer to Akbar’s question about Kashmir Yusuf Khan, the Mughal legislative leader of Kashmir around then, portrayed in addition to other things the Amarnath Yatra in full detail. His portrayal demonstrates that the not just was the journey in vogue in Akbar’s opportunity – Akbar added Kashmir in 1586 – however the marvel of waxing and melting away of the ice linga was additionally notable.
Amareshwar (Amarnath) was a well known journey place in the season of the Mughal sovereign Shah Jahan too. In his tribute of Shah Jahan’s dad in-law Asif Khan, titled “Asaf Vilas”, the popular Sanskrit researcher and person of good taste Panditraj Jagannath clarifies notice of Amareshwara (Amarnath) while depicting the Mughal garden Nishat laid out by Asif Khan. The King of divine beings Indra himself, he says, comes here to pay regard to Lord Shiva”.
As we surely understand Francois Bernier, a French doctor went with Emperor Aurangzeb amid his visit to Kashmir in 1663. In his book “Goes in Mughal Empire” he composes while giving a record the spots he went by in Kashmir that he was “seeking after voyage to a cavern brimming with superb congelations, two days venture from Sangsafed” when he “got insight that my Nawab felt exceptionally restless and uneasy by virtue of my long nonattendance”. The “cave” he alludes to is clearly the Amarnath cavern as the editorial manager of the second version of the English interpretation of the book, Vincient A. Smith clarifies in his presentation. He composes: “The cave loaded with magnificent congelations is the Amarnath hollow, where pieces of ice, stalagmites framed by dribbling water from the rooftop are loved by numerous Hindus who resort here as pictures of Shiva… ..”
Another voyager, Vigne, in his book “Goes in Kashmir, Ladakh and Iskardu” expounds on the journey to the sacrosanct spot in point of interest, plainly specifying that “the function at the hole of Amarnath happens on the fifteenth of the Hindoo month of Sawan” and that “not just Hindoos of each rank and standing can be seen gathering together and going up the valley of Liddar towards the praised hollow… … ” Vigne went by Kashmir after his arrival from Ladakh in 1840-41 and distributed his book in 1842. His book makes it clear that the Amarnath Yatra drew explorers from the entire of India in his time and was attempted with awesome eagerness.
Once more, the considerable Sikh Guru Arjan Dev is said to have conceded land in Amritsar for the formal takeoff of Chari, the sacred mace of Lord Shiva which denote the start of the Yatra to the Holy Cave . In 1819, the year in which the Afghan tenet reached an end in Kashmir, Pandit Hardas Tiku “established the Chhawni Anmarnath at Ram Bagh in Srinagar where the Sadhus from the fields gathered and where he gave them free proportions for the voyage, both courses from his own private assets”, as the prominent Kashmiri naturalist Pandit Samsar Chand Kaul has called attention to in his booklet titled “The Mysterious cavern of Amarnath”. Not just this, Amarnath is profoundly cherished in the Kashmiri old stories likewise as stories prefer that of Soda Wony unmistakably appear. One can, in this manner, close with no uncertainty that the Amaranth Yatra has been going on ceaselessly for quite a long time along the customary course of the Lidder valley and not a century and a half issue. May be amid the Afghan standard when religious mistreatment of the Kashmiri Hindus was at its tallness and they were not permitted to visit their places of love the journey was ended for around fifty or sixty years and amid this period the herd of some shepherd may have strayed into the sacred cavern, yet that not the slightest bit makes it of a late starting point or a show window of supposed Kashmiriat.
The temple is accounted for to be around 5,000 years of age and was specified in antiquated Hindu writings. The definite way of revelation of the hole is not known.
The Amarnath Cave has unique essentialness .
The Legend about the significance of Amarnath Cave is as per the following :-
This is The Cave which was picked by Bhole Shankar for portraying the insider facts of interminability and formation of Universe to Maa Parvati ji . The story goes like this . Hundreds of years back Maa Parvati asked Shiv ji to give her know for what a chance to reason and when He began wearing the dots of heads ( Mund Mala) . Bhole Shankar answered at whatever point you are conceived I include one more head in my globules . Maa Parvati said ,” My Lord, my body is obliterated each time and I pass on over and over, however you are Immortal. Kindly let me know the mystery of this .” Bhole Shankar answered that it is expected to Amar Katha .”
Maa Parvati demanded that she might be revealed that mystery. For long Shiva ji kept putting off . At long last on predictable interest from Maa Parvati He decided to divulge the godlike mystery . He began for desolate spot where no living being could listen it . He pick Amarnath Cave . In arrangement to that He cleared out His Nandi ( The Bull which He used to ride ) at Pahalgam (Bail gaon) . At Chandanwari He discharged Moon from his hairs (Jataon). At the banks of Lake Sheshnag He discharged the snakes . He chose to leave his Son Ganesha at Mahagunas Parvat (Mahaganesh Hill ) . At Panjtarni, Shivji left the Five Elements behind (Earth , Water, Air , Fire and Sky) which make living being .
He is the Lord of these components. It is trusted that as an image of giving up the natural world , Shivaji and Maa Parvati had Tandav Dance . In the wake of deserting all these, Bhole Shankar enters the Holy Amarnath Cave alongside Parvati Maa . Ruler Shiva takes his Samadhi on the Deer Skin and focus . To guarantee that no living being can hear the Immortal Tale , He made Rudra named Kalagni and requested him to spread flame to dispense with each living thing in and around the Holy Cave . After this He began portraying the mystery of godlikeness to Maa Parvati . Be that as it may, as an issue of chance one egg which was lying underneath the Deer skin stayed ensured . It is accepted to be non living and more over it was secured by Shiva – Parvati Asan (Bed) . The pair of pigeons which were conceived out of this egg got to be godlike having listened the mystery of everlasting life (Amar Katha).
Numerous travelers report seeing the pair of pigeons when they trek the strenuous course to pay their respect before the Ice-Lingam (the phallic image of Shiva).
Amarnath Cave Temple History
The story starts from the mission of Goddess Parvati when she asks her significant other Lord Shiva to advise her for what valid reason he wore a Maala with Munds (Mund Maala – globule of heads). Ruler Shiva answers that each time she(Parvati) is conceived, he adds a head to the Maala he is wearing.
Parvati enquires, “My Lord, my body is demolished each time and I bite the dust over and over, however you are Immortal. It would be ideal if you let me know the mystery of this.” Lord Shiva answers that he is interminable due to Amar Katha and whoever realizes that Katha gets to be Immortal. At the point when Goddess Parvati demands knowing the story then Lord Shiva discloses to her that this story is a mystery and nobody knows this and even Gods don’t think about this story and subsequently, when their temperances are over, they need to leave their position and take resurrection to pick up ideals. It is just the Tridevs (Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh) that know this sacrosanct story and are undying.
However, when Parvati demands all the more fervently, Lord Shiva guarantees her of telling the Amar Katha at some point. In any case, the goddess does not give up and on her steady request to know the mystery of Immortality, Lord Shiva chooses a concealed spot (Amarnath Cave) where no living being could listen to this mystery story.
On approach to Amarnath Cave, Lord Shiva leaves Nandi, The Bull, at Pahalgam (Bail Gaon). At Chandanwari, he discharges the Moon from his hair (Jataon). On the banks of Lake Sheshnag, he discharges his snakes. At Mahagunas Parvat (Mahaganesh Mountain), he leaves his child, Lord Ganesha. At Panjtarni, Lord Shiva abandons the five components Earth, Water, Air, Fire and Sky. As an image of relinquishing the natural world, Lord Shiva played out the Tandava Dance. At that point, at long last, Lord Shiva entered the Holy Amarnath Cave alongside Parvati. Master Shiva then took his Samadhi on the Deer Skin.
Ruler Shiva began recounting the story to Mata Parvati yet she rests in the middle of as the story was long and she was sick of the voyage. Then, two white pigeons were listening to the story and were making cooing sound which made Shiva feel that Mata Parvati is as yet listening to the story and he kept letting it know. Along these lines, both the Pigeons heard the account of being everlasting.
Subsequent to consummation the story, when Lord Shiva saw that Parvati was resting, He pondered who was making the cooing sounds when he was portraying the story. He then found the two pigeons and got to be irate and attempted to murder them however the pigeons said that on the off chance that you will execute us then the legend of this story might exist no more. At that point Lord Shiva left them alive and favored that they will live at this spot as an image of Lord Shiv and Goddess Parvati. It is said that even today the fans frequently see a couple of pigeons here.
It is said that exclusive those range Amarnath Dham who are honored by Baba Bhole Nath. Notwithstanding coming to here is an extraordinary righteousness. Individual locating and adoring Baba Himani achieves paradise after this mortal life.
Har Har Mahadev !!
Where precisely is the Amarnath Cave ?
Amarnath is a 150 feet high and 90 feet long surrender found about 145 km east of Srinagar. Situated in a Himalayan icy valley at a tallness of around 4,000m the hole has four ice developments, which are considered dolls of various Hindu divine beings. The greatest figure is viewed as that of Shiva. On the left half of the lingam there is an ice arrangement that is thought to be Ganesha. Additionally, developments speaking to Parvati and Bhairava are on the right half of the ice lingam.
Step by step instructions to Reach Amarnath Cave
The closest airplane terminal is Srinagar. One should then take a taxicab to Baltal which is 62 kms far from Amarnath to achieve the goal. One can likewise rather go to Pahalgam from Srinagar.
Amarnath is on an exceptionally misleading territory, subsequently it is not extremely very much associated by street. One goes to Jammu and after that one needs to pass by street to Srinagar and after that to achieve Baltal or Pahalgam. Baltal is the most limited trek in transit up to Amarnath, however somewhat troublesome. Pahalgam trek is longer and generally more secure and more suited for families and senior individuals. Individuals can likewise contract horses and palkies to counter the strenuous landscape. From Baltal, it is a 1-2 day trek (15 km) to achieve Amarnath. Be that as it may, the Pahalgam course is generally more and takes around 3-5 days (36-48 km).
There are no immediate trains to Amarnath. The closest station is Jammu, at a separation of 178 kms from Amarnath. From Jammu, one can employ taxicabs to reach either Baltal or Pahalgam. From Baltal, it is a 1-2 day trek (15 km) to achieve Amarnath. In any case, the Pahalgam course is moderately more and takes around 3-5 days (36-48 km).